CUSCO: USEFUL INFORMATION
THE NAME OF THE CITY
here is some uncertainty about the correct name,In the early centuries of the existence of this important pre-Columbian city of South America,His name was Akamama according to some chroniclers, and according to Guaman Poma de Ayala means “Mother of the Chicha” (chicha is a type of fermented corn beer). Possibly it was Aqhamama in modern quechua spelling-or “chicha mother”. “When this was the ancient capital of Tawantinsuyu, Cusco was appointed as, word translated as “navel” or “center”. After the Spanish invasion in 1533 the name was transformed into Cuzco, that in a derogatory way in the Spanish meant “hypocrite”,”Hunchback” and “small dog”. This was a way to minimize or satirize the name of the city. Later the name was changed to Cusco, because here “z” is not pronounced as in Spain. In the late twentieth century, a very strong social movement is willing to preserve the original name of this ancient city; so from the June 20, 1990, so from the June 20, 1990, the Municipality of the city by the town council agreement No. 078-A/MC-SG-90 stated that the official name is Qosqo.
The population of the city of Cusco to the beginning of the XXI century is projected to be 300,000 inhabitants. The annual growth rate is approximately 4%.In 1821 after three centuries of Spanish colonial administration this city had about 40,000 people. At the height of Tawantinsuyo must have had between 225 to 300 thousand inhabitants.
The elevation is 3,400 meters above sea level (11,150 feet). Some people are not used to the altitude get problems as the lack of oxygen.This phenomenon makes changes to people living at altitudes, developing heart and lungs bigger, Also his blood contains a higher amount of red cells. The shortage of oxygen occurs in some people the altitude sickness known as altitude sickness or Monge’s disease. The symptoms include insomnia, headache, respiración lenta, Pain in the threshold. Tendon reflexes slow and can be weight loss, Thyroid deficiency, pulmonary edema, Or infections. Women may experience dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea, And many people experience psychological or mental disturbances. Algunas personas pueden tomar días, Weeks or even years to adjust to some altitudes
Is 13 ° 30 ’45 “. Our latitude indicates that we should have tropical or equatorial weather, But it is not. Cusco is cool because of its altitude.
Is 71 ° 58 ‘ 33 “.” We are to five hours after the time of Greenwich.
It is relatively cool. The annual average in the city is between 10.3 ° to 11.3 ° Celsius (50.54 ° to 52.34 ° Fahrenheit). There is some uniformity here in temperature between summer and winter. Usually it’s cold at night and during the early morning hours the temperature increases considerably until noon. During the month of June, the temperature often falls below zero to 5 ° and 7 ° C (23 ° to 19.4 ° F).
The altitude in Cusco is located and its proximity to the making of Ecuador makes a special atmosphere. There are just 2 well defined: a dry season and a rainy. The dry season is from May to October and the rainy season from November to April. Generally, rainfall ranges from 600-880 mm. By year from 31.5 to 34.5 inches.
In the lower valley of Cusco there is an average annual humidity of 64%.